agriculture

The thematic issues addressed below are the result of consultation with local authorities and with local or international experts in the field, for which we are warmly grateful.

They are indicators both of the desire for a better understanding of the dynamics of a sector, and of the concern of improving the efficiency of services operations for populations. They are not exhaustive, but are potentially issues that could have a strong impact. While some of them appear to be able to be dealt with analysis techniques that are known but have not yet been applied thoroughly in Senegal, others require creativity in cross-referencing with data specific to the sector or in terms of calculation method.

We encourage you to visit the ‘ Partners & resources’ pages where we have indicated the first steps for accessing the numerous data items available. And we also invite you to explore the issues addressed in the other themes. There are certainly connections between some of the issues addressed that will be worthy to explore.

The welfare of populations and the Senegal economy are highly dependent on its farming industry.  Both for commercial production (peanuts, cotton, sugar cane) and for local food crops (millet, rice, maize, sorghum and cowpea), the following non-exhaustive analyses of the priority domains could shed new light and improve information or implementation of services that are relevant for the management of the industry.

For both commercial production (peanuts, cotton, sugar cane) and for local food crops (millet, rice, maize, sorghum and cowpea), we are concerned with the following non-exhaustive analyses of the priority domains:

analyses based on hours of sunshine:

  • exploration of explanatory factors and modelling of soil productivity and basic foodstuffs according to climatic conditions, as well as development of predictive models
  • anticipatory analyses of soil evaporation and the depth of wells and watercourses, modelling and anticipation of drought
  • exploration of factors explaining low production of rainfed crops according to meteorological conditions
  • evaluation of the evaporative demand in bodies of water (holding tanks, agricultural reservoirs…)
  • correlation between hours of sunshine, temperature and conditions of conservation and quality of seeds
  • analyses of correlation between measurements of hours of sunshine and temperature and variation in basic foodstuff prices

 

analyses based on mobile network use statistics:

  • optimisation of irrigation infrastructure in order to maximise the safe access to water and the productivity of irrigated land
  • optimisation of the efficiency of the harvesting infrastructure: especially for peanuts
  • optimisation of the location of warehouses for the various foodstuffs
  • impact analysis about the access to a local food supply
    1. on the health of workers' families (see Health theme)
    2. on population movements and insecurity
  • analyses of livestock migrations and method for minimising mortality
    1. locating markets,...
  • analysis of the impact of the seasons on rural populations
    1. emigration of temporary workers
    2. activity during the rainy season
    3. migration in the case of drought
  • measurement of the impacts of fluctuation of prices of farming products in productive areas
  • modelling of possible impacts for roll-out of measuring methods
    1. water level, crowdsourcing sensors,…
  • impact analysis about a Locust invasion
  • comparison measures with other emerging countries
  • farming yield forecasts (e.g. changes in call volume during periods of drought)
  • performance of the peanut marketing campaign (e.g. telephone top-up amounts purchased during the marketing period in November-December in the peanut growing region)
  • movements of herdsmen in northern and eastern Senegal (e.g. definition of transhumance routes from SIM cards).

The work may concern both analyses allowing better understanding of the dynamics of the sector and allowing better planning, and tools for modelling or representation of data on PC or Mobile that could be used for rural operators or farmers. "

 

for more information visit:

  1. CountrySTAT - Senegal
  2. World Food Programme - Senegal